More than 30 different bacteria, viruses, and parasites can be transmitted sexually. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are always unpleasant and scary. The severity of symptoms or illnesses caused by refractory viral infections can be altered with therapy but not all of them are curable. Below are a few facts that will help you prevent the development of these serious diseases.
1. Sometimes STIs Have No Symptoms
Many genital infections do not have vivid symptoms and are not obvious. You may be a carrier of the infection and not know about it, as symptoms may disappear on their own after a while. If you notice a change in the nature of your discharge, the appearance of an unusual smell, feel pain or detect rashes, then immediately consult a doctor.
2. May Have Serious Consequences
Without proper treatment, STIs can lead to serious consequences such as infertility, problems with the genitourinary system, and even cervical cancer. In the risk group are pregnant women for whom primary infection during childbearing is extremely dangerous. These diseases can affect the child’s development or cause infection during childbirth.
3. Can Be Transmitted in Various Ways
The most common way to get an STI is through sexual contact. Another way of transmission is from mother to baby during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding. For infections such as hepatitis B, C, and HIV, the most common way is infection through needles or other objects where infected blood is present.
4. Our Body Does Not Have Immunity to STIs
Unfortunately, we do not have immunity against genital infections with the exception of hepatitis B when vaccinated in advance. It is very important that your partner is healthy. To make sure of this, ask them to undergo a medical examination.
5. Women Are More Susceptible to STIs Than Men
Women are more vulnerable to genital infections than men and this is due to their anatomy. It has been found that STIs are more easily transmitted from man to woman than vice versa. In addition, the consequences of untreated infections are more serious for a woman. Neglected chlamydia can spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes and cause severe inflammatory diseases. Every woman must regularly visit her gynecologist for a female pelvic exam.
Men are much less likely to have long-term health problems associated with chlamydia. You can reduce but not eliminate the risk of infection by using condoms and antiseptics.
6. Not All Infections Are Treatable
Bacterial infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis can be cured by the right antibiotic therapy. Viral diseases such as herpes or HIV are incurable but can be controlled. Timely prevention and the presence of a permanent sexual partner is very important.
7. Condoms Do Not Guarantee Full Protection
Condoms do not guarantee you 100% safety but their proper use significantly reduce the risk of sexually transmitted infections. Life with a sexually transmitted disease affects both physical health and mental. In order to maintain health, it is necessary to regularly prevent sexually transmitted infections.
During the first two hours after sexual contact, you can use an antiseptic. Antiseptic has a wide range of effects on bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It prevents infection with many STI pathogens, including gonococci, trichomonads, chlamydia, herpes viruses, and HIV. In addition to antiseptic properties, it activates the regeneration processes at the place of use without damaging the mucous membrane of the genitals.